As of 3/31/19
PRINCIPAL RISKS OF INVESTING IN THE FUND DISCLOSURE
Principal Risks: The loss of your money is a principal risk of investing in the Fund. Investments in the Fund are subject to investment risks, including the possible loss of some or the entire principal amount invested. There can be no assurance that the Fund will be successful in meeting its investment objective. Generally, the Fund will be subject to the following principal risks:
Fund of Funds Risk: The Fund is a “fund of funds.” The term “fund of funds” is typically used to describe investment companies, such as the Fund, whose principal investment strategy involves investing in other investment companies, including closed-end funds and money market mutual funds. Investments in other funds subject the Fund to additional operating and management fees and expenses. For instance, investors in the Fund will indirectly bear fees and expenses charged by the funds in which the Fund invests, in addition to the Fund’s direct fees and expenses. The Fund’s performance depends in part upon the performance of the funds’ investment advisor, the strategies and instruments used by the funds, and the Advisor’s ability to select funds and effectively allocate Fund assets among them.
Control of Portfolio Funds Risk: Although the Fund and the Advisor will evaluate regularly each closed-end fund in which the Fund invests to determine whether its investment program is consistent with the Fund’s investment objective, the Advisor will not have any control over the investments made by a closed-end fund. The investment advisor to each closed-end fund may change aspects of its investment strategies at any time. The Advisor will not have the ability to control or otherwise influence the composition of the investment portfolio of a closed-end fund.
Closed-End Fund Risk: Closed-end funds involve investment risks different from those associated with other investment companies. First, the shares of closed-end funds frequently trade at a premium or discount relative to their net asset value. When the Fund purchases shares of a closed-end fund at a discount to its net asset value, there can be no assurance that the discount will decrease, and it is possible that the discount may increase and affect whether the Fund will a realize gain or loss on the investment. Second, many closed-end funds use leverage, or borrowed money, to try to increase returns. Leverage is a speculative technique and its use by a closed-end fund entails greater risk and leads to a more volatile share price. If a close-end fund uses leverage, increases and decreases in the value of its share price will be magnified. The closed-end fund will also have to pay interest or dividends on its leverage, reducing the closed-end fund’s return. Third, many closed-end funds have a policy of distributing a fixed percentage of net assets regardless of the fund’s actual interest income and capital gains. Consequently, distributions by a closed-end fund may include a return of capital, which would reduce the fund’s net asset value and its earnings capacity. Finally, closed-end funds are allowed to invest in a greater amount of illiquid securities than open-end mutual funds. Investments in illiquid securities pose risks related to uncertainty in valuations, volatile market prices, and limitations on resale that may have an adverse effect on the ability of the fund to dispose of the securities promptly or at reasonable prices.
Money Market Mutual Fund Risk: The fund may invest in money market mutual funds in order to manage its cash component. An investment in a money market mutual fund is not insured or guaranteed by a Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. Although such funds seek to preserve the value of the Fund’s investment at $1.00 per share, it is possible to lose money by investing in a money market mutual fund.
Market Risk: Market risk refers to the possibility that the value of securities held by the Fund may decline due to daily fluctuations in the market. Market prices for securities change daily as a result of many factors, including developments affecting the condition of both individual companies and the market in general. The price of a security may even be affected by factors unrelated to the value or condition of its issuer, such as changes in interest rates, economic and political conditions, and general market conditions. The Fund’s performance per share will change daily in response to such factors.
Management Style Risk: Different types of securities tend to shift into and out of favor with investors depending on market and economic conditions. The returns from the types of investments purchased by the Fund (e.g., closed-end funds which pay regular periodic cash distributions) may at times be better or worse than the returns from other types of funds. Each type of investment tends to go through cycles of performing better or worse than the market in general. The performance of the Fund may thus be better or worse than the performance of funds that focus on other types of investments, or that have a broader investment style.
Quantitative Model Risk: Securities or other investments selected using quantitative methods may perform differently from the market as a whole. There can be no assurance that these methodologies will enable the Fund to achieve its objective.
Foreign Securities Risk: The Fund may invest in foreign securities. Foreign securities involve investment risks different from those associated with domestic securities. Changes in foreign economies and political climates are more likely to affect the Fund than investments in domestic securities. The value of foreign currency denominated securities or foreign currency contracts is affected by the value of the local currency relative to the U.S. dollar. There may be less government supervision of foreign markets, resulting in non-uniform accounting practices and less publicly available information about issuers of foreign currency denominated securities. The value of foreign investments may be affected by changes in exchange control regulations, application of foreign tax laws (including withholding tax), changes in governmental administration or economic or monetary policy (in this country or abroad), or changed circumstances in dealings between nations. In addition, foreign brokerage commissions, custody fees, and other costs of investing in foreign securities are generally higher than in the United States. Investments in foreign issues could be affected by other factors not present in the United States, including expropriation, armed conflict, confiscatory taxation, and potential difficulties in enforcing contractual obligations.
Portfolio Turnover Risk: The Advisor will sell portfolio securities when it is in the interests of the Fund and its shareholders to do so without regard to the length of time they have been held. As portfolio turnover may involve paying brokerage commissions and other transaction costs, there could be additional expenses for the Fund. High rates of portfolio turnover may also result in the realization of short-term capital gains and losses. Any distributions resulting from such gains will be considered ordinary income for federal income tax purposes. Under normal circumstances, the anticipated portfolio turnover rate for the Fund is expected to be greater than 100%.
Leverage Risk: The Fund may leverage or borrow money from banks to buy securities and pledge its assets in connection with the borrowing. Use of leverage tends to magnify increases and decreases in the Fund’s returns and leads to a more volatile share price. The Fund will also incur borrowing costs in connection with its use of leverage. If the interest expense of the borrowing is greater than the return on the securities bought, the use of leverage will decrease the return to shareholders in the Fund. Leveraging by both the Fund and the underlying closed-end funds, which often employ leverage, will expose the Fund to a relatively high level of leverage risk. There can be no assurance that a leveraging strategy will be successful during any period in which it is employed.
Investment Advisor Risk: The Advisor’s ability to choose suitable investments has a significant impact on the ability of the Fund to achieve its investment objectives. The portfolio managers’ experience is discussed in the section of this prospectus entitled “Management of the Funds – Investment Advisor.”
Operating Risk: The Advisor and the Fund’s administrator have entered into an Operating Plan that facilitates the administrator’s assumption of Fund expenses under the Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement. The Operating Plan obligates the Advisor to make payments to the administrator based upon the Fund’s net assets and assume certain expenses of the Fund. If the Advisor, however, does not have sufficient revenue to support those expenses, the Advisor may be compelled to either resign or become insolvent. In addition, if the Fund incurs expenses that the Advisor has agreed to pay and the Advisor is not able or willing to pay the excess costs, those excess costs will increase the Fund’s expenses.